Vaccinations

Vaccinating your animal helps to protect them against potentially serious infectious diseases and is a vital part of preventative healthcare. Vaccines are given as 2 injections under the skin as a primary course and from then on vaccination is required as a booster once yearly. A full health check will be done as part of the annual booster which will allow us to identify any health concerns as early as possible to ensure the health of your pet.


As part of their core vaccines dogs are protected against:

· Distemper – This virus can cause a wide range of clinical signs including fever, nasal discharge, thickened pads, diarrhoea and fits. Sadly, this virus is often fatal, although luckily it is now rare in the UK


· Hepatitis – This infection affects the liver causing fever, lethargy and abdominal pain and can be fatal in 10-30% of cases


· Parvovirus – This is a highly contagious virus which causes severe bloody diarrhoea, resulting in dehydration which may be fatal


· Leptospirosis – This bacterium causes Weil’s disease and infected dogs can pose a zoonotic risk to humans. Clinical signs vary but the disease usually affects the liver resulting in jaundice and fever


Cats are vaccinated against:

· Feline panleukopenia virus – causes severe gastroenteritis and depletion of white blood cells making up the immune system


· Feline calicivirus – causes ‘cat flu’ symptoms of sneezing, nasal discharge and conjunctivitis. Infected cats can also develop inflammation of the gums called gingivitis or stomatitis


· Feline herpesvirus – once infected cats are persistently infected for life as the virus becomes latent, much like herpesvirus in humans. Feline herpesvirus can cause ‘cat flu’ like symptoms such as sneezing, nasal discharge and in severe cases ulceration of the eyes


· Feline leukaemia virus – infected cats shed the virus in saliva so it can be spread by biting or grooming. Cats can become persistently infected can get severe disease from the virus such as anaemia, immunosuppression and cancer.


Rabbits are vaccinated against:

· Myxomatosis – this viral infection is fatal and spread from wild rabbits

· Viral haemorrhagic disease – two strains of this virus exist (VHD 1 and VHD 2) which cause sudden death in rabbits

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