Ultrasonography is a diagnostic imaging technique which allows us to see an image of the inside of the body via reflected high frequency sound waves. Ultrasound scans can be used to evaluate soft tissues, such as abdominal organs, but is not effective at imaging harder tissue like bone. This technique is not invasive and involves applying a scanner probe to the body wall with the application of some ultrasound gel. Sedation is often required to keep the pet still whilst they have their scan and some fur will need to be clipped to ensure good contact with the ultrasound scanner.
X-rays are a versatile diagnostic imaging technique. X-rays are taken by passing a small amount of radiation through the animal onto an x-ray plate, which produces an image. Having an x-ray taken is not painful, however sedation is often required as the animal needs to stay very still. X-rays can provide a large amount of information for a wide range of conditions, including:
· Orthopaedic disorders, for example broken bones and arthritis
· Thoracic x-rays can help to assess the heart and lungs
· Abdominal x-rays can helpful to investigate vomiting and diarrhoea, for example if bloated organs or a gastrointestinal blockage are suspected